Top Countries That Produce Refugees

Refugees are an at-risk population who need protection, yet some countries – even some of the largest economies like China – barely take any in.

Rich, middle, and high-income nations need to increase their collective responsibility. The Dublin Regulation provides guidance on how Europe should share the burden, so each nation should uphold their pledge. As a earthian, it’s your duty to take some time out of your office work and poker game sessions on sites reviewed on to know details about such issues.


Afghanistan ranks among the top producing refugee nations worldwide due to its instability, civil war and political repression; these factors have caused its citizens to flee their home nation in large numbers, most often seeking sanctuary in neighboring Pakistan or Iran; some may seek asylum elsewhere such as Europe if possible. Upon returning home many find violence, insecurity and widespread poverty still prevail within their homeland.

The United States has long maintained strong ties with Afghans, working directly for both government and military operations in Afghanistan. Recently, Congress created the Special Immigrant Visa (SIV) program in order to permit such individuals and their immediate family members to become lawful permanent residents in America.

In 2022, over 9,200 Afghans were resettled in the US through SIV as well as many more who arrived via other routes such as education scholarships or labour mobility initiatives. Most were women and children displaced due to conflict or violence in their home country.

UNHCR data indicates that most Afghan refugees fear persecution upon returning home due to Taliban attacks against women accused of adultery or breaking Islamic laws, leading them to flee their native land in droves. This fear stems in large part from public stonings and executions carried out against women who are accused of breaking religious law by authorities such as public stonings and executions by authorities.

Therefore, most refugees who cannot return home live in refugee camps or informal settlements. Their economic and social prospects are extremely poor here, including high rates of malnutrition and limited access to healthcare services.

Women continue to experience various forms of abuse, from physical and sexual assault, commercial sex exploitation and beggary to forced labour and forced recruitment into forced prostitution rings. All these factors have an immense detrimental effect on both displaced women as well as those returning home in Afghanistan.


Syria, Afghanistan, Sudan, Somalia and Myanmar are the five top producers of refugees worldwide. Each has experienced high levels of violence, war, persecution and displacement resulting in millions of refugees leaving these five nations; 68% come from just these five alone (Palestine is not counted due to not being part of the UN).

Somalia faces numerous societal issues, such as poverty, crime and lack of public infrastructure. Furthermore, due to civil war and climate change its economy has suffered significantly; thus requiring food imports as its primary source, contributing to food shortages that further contribute to poverty levels in Somalia.

Somalia is also plagued by famine caused by drought and flooding, which leads to mass migrations and employment opportunities being limited or unavailable. Furthermore, due to Somalia’s high fertility rate its population is growing quickly resulting in Somalia constantly producing new refugees.

Somalia may face daunting challenges, yet is home to a vibrant culture. Mogadishu in particular stands out with its beautiful mosques and traditional markets; Somalia also attracts many tourists due to natural attractions like Laas Geel caves and Golis Mountains which attract many travelers; Somalia also produces livestock which has driven economic development.

Somalia may not be at the top of most travelers’ bucket lists, but its rich history and unique culture make it well worth visiting. Furthermore, political instability and security concerns in Somalia can be navigated successfully with careful planning.

Somalia boasts an exciting cultural scene and boasts an impressive number of museums and monuments, such as the National Museum of Somalia which contains archeological artifacts and artwork from different eras, while Somali Museum of Contemporary Art features stunning paintings and sculptures as well as traditional crafts such as Somali carpets and jewelry – perfect souvenirs or gifts!


Sudan lies at the crossroads between Africa and the Middle East, boasting a long coastline along the Red Sea. Khartoum serves as its capital city; most residents are Sunnis Muslims. Sudan boasts rich natural resources including petroleum, gold, copper, iron ore, silver chromite manganese cobalt cobalt kaolin zinc.

Sudan is currently experiencing significant armed conflict and food insecurity that are leading to internal displacement, with rising prices adding an exodus from the country. Most fleeing Sudan are heading toward nearby countries such as Chad, Egypt, Libya or even Britain while some head further afield towards Kenya Uganda Ethiopia or South Sudan.

According to our survey of migrants leaving Sudan, financial and economic considerations were the primary motivators. Other respondents mentioned arbitrary arrest or detention concerns as well as fears related to political and religious beliefs; all these reasons suggest that while family reunification remains a primary factor driving migration decisions today.

The IRC is working hard to respond to the growing needs of refugees fleeing Sudan. We’re providing emergency shelter, water and sanitation services, food aid and other basic items needed for survival; and supporting education and skills training so they can build brighter futures once they have reached their new homes.

The IRC is committed to addressing the root causes of this crisis and working alongside its partners to provide those impacted with protection, assistance, and opportunities they need to thrive. You can support us with this life-changing work by making a donation today – every donation counts! Thank you for being part of our journey of hope!


Now, with Syria’s war and aftermath having claimed so many lives, it’s never been more crucial to examine the global refugee situation. Some nations are responding by providing shelter to an unprecedented number of people; other do nothing at all; China alone accepted only 526 refugees over 10 years – or less than 0.0014 percent of its total population!

Lebanon, home to nearly 1.5 million Syrian refugees, ranks first among host countries in terms of refugee numbers per capita. This is likely due to Lebanon being geographically close to Syria, sharing a border with it and becoming the destination of choice for thousands who fled its war-ravaged areas. Unfortunately, their influx has made life in Lebanon more challenging than ever, many refugees being extremely poor with limited access to medical care or essential services such as shelter.

Additionally, a considerable number of children are out of school; some must work or drop out to help support their families; this can have lasting repercussions for their wellbeing and access to education can make it hard for refugee children to break into the job market later on in their lives.

Turkey and Pakistan, two other top producers of refugees, are relatively small nations that have played an outsized role in protecting their citizens from potential risks such as Afghanistan and Syria. Furthermore, these nations tend to be more welcoming toward migrants compared to larger regional powers like the United States or Canada.

Gulf nations may not legally be required to offer refuge or asylum, yet many have opened their borders voluntarily. Compared with other refugee-producing nations, Gulf nations have taken an exceptionally proactive approach in hosting refugees and relieving pressure from neighboring hosts. They have invested in various development projects which provide jobs for refugees – which has an immediate positive effect on local economies while contributing to stability throughout the region.